World Multiple Sclerosis Day 2021: Know the Symptoms, Risks and Treatment of Multiple Sclerosis

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World Multiple Sclerosis Day 2021: Know the Symptoms, Risks and Treatment of Multiple Sclerosis | Photo credit: Pixabay & nbsp

Highlights

  • May 30 is celebrated as World Multiple Sclerosis Day
  • According to the National Multiple Sclerosis Society, approximately 2.3 million people worldwide have multiple sclerosis
  • So far there is no cure for multiple sclerosis, but treatments can help relieve symptoms

New Delhi: May 30 is celebrated annually as World Multiple Sclerosis Day. This day aims to inform and educate people about this chronic disease to help people with this disease to coexist happily and peacefully in the world. According to the National Multiple Sclerosis Society, approximately 2.3 million people worldwide have multiple sclerosis. Multiple sclerosis is a neurological disorder that affects the central nervous system (CNS). Clinically isolated syndrome (CIS), relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS), primary progressive MS (PPMS) and secondary progressive MS (SPMS) are the types of multiple sclerosis.

Multiple Sclerosis – Symptoms, Causes and Risk Factors

The common symptoms of multiple sclerosis are as follows:

  • Weak muscles
  • A tingling or numb feeling in certain parts of the body
  • Lhermitte’s sign
  • Tired
  • Vertigo and lightheadedness
  • Reduced libido or libido
  • Intestinal problems
  • Muscle spasms and pain
  • Vision compromised
  • Cognitive decline

Common causes and risk factors that can contribute to the development of multiple sclerosis are as follows:

  1. Contraction of infections such as mononucleosis, Epstein Barr virus and mycoplasma pneumonia.
  2. Smokers have a higher risk of developing MS than non-smokers.
  3. Genetics can also be a risk factor.
  4. Vitamin deficiency such as vitamin B12 or D deficiency.
  5. People between the ages of 20 and 40 and women are at greater risk of developing MS.

Multiple Sclerosis – Diagnosis and Treatment

Multiple sclerosis is a neurological disease, so diagnostic methods include cerebrospinal fluid testing, MRI scans, and evoked potential testing. There is no cure for multiple sclerosis, but methods to relieve the symptoms and slow the progression are followed by doctors for treatment. Medication, stem cell therapy, rehabilitation, plasma therapy, and physiotherapy are common parts of treatment. Medical marijuana is also often used to relieve pain and stiffness, however, it should be noted that medical marijuana is not the same as street marijuana.

Disclaimer: The tips and suggestions mentioned in the article are provided for informational purposes only and should not be construed as professional medical advice. Always consult your doctor or dietitian before starting a fitness program or making any changes to your diet.



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