Main articles from AMA Morning Rounds®: week of November 29, 2021

Read AMA Morning Rounds® ‘ most popular medical and public health stories for the week of Nov 29 to Dec. 3.

The New York Times (11/26, A1, Zimmer) reported that “scientific experts from the World Health Organization on Friday warned that a new variant of the coronavirus discovered in southern Africa was a ‘variant of concern'” and said the new version, named Omicron, carries a number of genetic mutations that can allow it to spread rapidly, possibly even among vaccinated people. The Times added, “Independent scientists have agreed that Omicron deserves a urgent attention, but also stressed that more research is needed to determine the extent of the threat. “

Bloomberg (11/28, Saraiva) reports that “the Omicron variant appears to be more transmissible, reinforcing the need for Americans to be vaccinated or to be vaccinated, US health officials said.”

CNN (11/29, Rogers) reports that “having chlamydia, gonorrhea, or syphilis – sometimes referred to as ‘silent’ infections due to a lack of noticeable symptoms in the early stages – has been associated with a higher risk of giving birth too early, according to the ”findings of an observational study published in the JAMA Network Open. The researchers found that “mothers with chlamydia, gonorrhea or syphilis were 1.04, 1.10 and 1.17 times more likely to have a moderately preterm birth – that is, between 32 and 36 weeks gestation – than women without STIs, respectively.

MedPage Today (11/29, Hamza) reports that the researchers “looked at birth certificate data from the National Vital Statistics System on 14,373,023 mothers from 2016 to 2019.”

USA Today (11/30, Miranda) reports that new CDC data shows that “HIV infection rates among gay and bisexual Latino men have increased from 6,800 new cases in 2010 to 7,900 new cases reported in 2019 “, while” the number of new cases declined only slightly from 9,000 in 2010 to 8,900 in 2019 for black gay and bisexual men. The data also shows that “gay and bisexual white men experienced a decrease in the rates of new HIV cases from 7,500 in 2010 to 5,100 in 2019.”

MedPage Today (11/30, Firth) says: “The new report showed that age was a factor in infection rates, which were almost halved during the study period for older MSM. 13 to 24 years old, going from 10,400 in 2010 to 5,700 in 2019 (P HIV infections among men aged 25 to 34 who have sex with men rose from 6,700 to 10,000 (P

NBC News (12/1, Sullivan) reports, “Cases of mumps continue to circulate in the United States, primarily among vaccinated people, including children,” according to research from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention published in Pediatrics . The report found that “a third of the cases of mumps in the United States from 2007 to 2019 were reported in children and adolescents” and “up to 94% of those who contracted the disease had been vaccinated” .

HealthDay (12/1) reports that “Pediatric mumps cases have been reported in most US states every year since 2016”.

The AP (12/2, Tanner) reports: “In an analysis of 2018 data from nearly a dozen states, researchers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention found that among 8-year-old children, 1 out of 44 had been diagnosed with autism. ”, Compared to“ 1 in 54 people identified as autistic in 2016 ”. Meanwhile, a second “CDC report released Thursday said children were 50% more likely to be diagnosed with autism at age 4 in 2018 than in 2014.” The reports “are based on data from counties and other communities in 11 states.” The reports were published in the Surveillance Summaries of the CDC’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Reports.

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