Inflammation of the prostate: causes, symptoms and remedies

Prostatitis (inflammation of the prostate) causes painful urination and urinary tract infections (UTIs) increase the risk of developing the disease. Prostatitis can be referred to as an infection of the prostate, but the inflammation often occurs without a known infection. About five to ten percent of prostatitis cases are caused by a bacterial infection, but fortunately this does not lead to an increased risk of prostate cancer.

Although an enlarged prostate generally affects older men, men of all ages are prone to prostatitis, with 25% of hospital visits being by younger and middle-aged men.

There are three main types of prostatitis: acute bacterial prostatitis, chronic bacterial prostatitis, and chronic nonbacterial prostatitis. Acute bacterial prostatitis is a bacterial infection that causes inflammation that is usually rare but comes with severe symptoms. Chronic bacterial prostatitis occurs as a result of recurrent UTIs that enter the prostate. Symptoms can be similar to those of acute bacterial prostatitis, but less severe and fluctuating. Finally, chronic nonbacterial prostatitis is the most common form of prostatitis that presents with urinary and pelvic pain for at least three to six months.

Causes and risk factors of inflammation of the prostate (prostatitis)

Prostatitis can be caused by bacteria entering the prostate from the urinary tract or from a sexually transmitted disease, especially gonorrhea, chlamydia, or HIV.

Risk factors for prostatitis include a history of prostatitis, development of a UTI, use of a catheter or other urological procedures, enlarged prostate, structural or functional abnormality of the urinary tract, dehydration and local pelvic trauma.

Signs and symptoms of prostatitis

The signs and symptoms of prostatitis can vary in severity and occurrence. The most common symptoms include discomfort, pain or pain in the testicles or the area between the testicles, discomfort or pain in the lower abdomen, urinary urgency or frequency, pain or sensation tingling during urination, the feeling of sitting on a golf ball, lack of sex drive and difficulty getting or maintaining an erection.

Types of prostatitis

Acute bacterial: The least common type and caused by an infection. This type can become very serious, as it has the potential to spread through the blood or other parts of the body. Symptoms can present strongly and appear suddenly. This type is considered easy to diagnose.

Chronic bacteria: Has a more gradual onset, with symptoms presenting less severely than in the acute form. This condition may last a long time or may recur after treatment.

Chronic Abacterial: Also known as chronic pelvic pain syndrome and prostatitis with no clear cause for its occurrence. This form is considered the most common type of prostatitis, with symptoms that may be constant or manifest as occasional flare-ups. Diagnostic tests may show immune cells in urine or semen, but no bacteria are found.

Asymptomatic inflammatory: Presents without symptoms, but on diagnostic testing of prostate tissue, anti-infective cells are present. This diagnosis is often discovered during a routine examination and discovered accidentally during the treatment of another problem.

Diagnosis of prostatitis and treatment options

If you detect symptoms of prostatitis or if your doctor suspects that you have it, you will be referred to a urologist who can confirm the diagnosis. As a patient, you will undergo a thorough physical examination to rule out other causes of prostate inflammation. Also, the urologist will ask you to complete the urine collection so they can examine your urine. Here are the diagnostic tests that can be used:

  • Urine tests: Checking for signs of infection
  • Blood tests: Checking for signs of infection and other prostate problems
  • Post-prostatic massage: Rarely, your doctor will want to massage the prostate and test for secretions
  • Imaging tests: May include computed tomography (CT) scans of the urinary tract and prostate or sonogram (ultrasound)

There are many different treatment options for prostatitis depending on the cause. For example, if the cause of prostatitis is bacterial, your doctor will prescribe antibiotics. Other treatment options include alpha-blockers, anti-inflammatory agents, prostate massage, and other treatments currently under investigation, such as heat therapy or medications containing specific plant ingredients.

Treating Prostatitis Naturally With Home Remedies

There are home remedies you can use to further help treat prostatitis:

  • Drink a mixture of goldenseal grass: Contains powerful antibacterial and antibiotic properties helping to reduce inflammation
  • Eat tomatoes regularly: Contains antioxidants to help fight infections. They also contain the bioflavonoid lycopene, which helps decrease the frequency of urination
  • To drink a lot of water: Helps eliminate harmful waste and toxins
  • Soak sesames overnight and chew them in the morning: May help reduce symptoms of prostatitis
  • Drink vegetable juices containing celery, carrot and spinach: If consumed twice a day, it can help relieve symptoms of prostatitis
  • Take a horsetail herb supplement for a short time: Considered a natural remedy for prostatitis, but can lead to thiamine and potassium deficiency if taken long term
  • Consume red grapes and other fruits regularly: Contains lycopene which may help relieve prostate irritation
  • Consume watermelon seeds or have them in powder form: Contains unsaturated fatty acids that help balance the pH level in the bladder and urinary tract
  • Take over-the-counter pain relievers: May help treat pain associated with prostatitis
  • Eat lots of fiber-rich foods: May help fight infection
  • Be physically active, such as sitting for long periods of time: Helps prevent inflammation leading to worsening of symptoms
  • Avoid alcohol, caffeine and spicy foods: These can irritate the prostate and bladder, making symptoms worse
  • Control your stress and anxiety: They can make your symptoms worse
  • Pumpkin seeds: Rich in unsaturated fatty acids, essential for maintaining a healthy prostate
  • Carrot juice: An excellent remedy to take twice a day for prostatitis and other prostate diseases
  • Cranberries: Rich in antioxidants and other natural compounds effective in the treatment of urinary tract disorders

By sticking to the plan your doctor has prescribed, along with these home remedies, you can have great success in treating prostatitis.

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