Flesh-eating IST donovanosis is becoming more common in the UK

0

A flesh-eating sexually transmitted infection that causes ‘beefy red’ ulcers is increasingly prevalent in the UK, a new report released on Friday revealed.

According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, the STI, donovanosis, is most common in parts of India, Papua New Guinea, Central Australia, the Caribbean and southern Africa .

But research in the UK suggests that the number of cases of donovanosis has been rising steadily since 2016. Although the figures are far from the prevalence of other STIs – only 30 cases occurred in the UK in 2019, according to the records. health – the potential for additional infections in the past two years (this data is yet to be released) is raising concerns about an increased spread, especially since it was even rarer in the UK before it five years ago.

Vital:Planning a family or not, reproductive health is always important

‘A wake-up call’:1 million new sexually transmitted infections every day, according to WHO

Dr Melinda Pettigrew, professor of epidemiology at the Yale School of Public Health, said she sees donovanosis as a “small-scale concern right now,” but the notes released in the United States are not out of reach. question.

“Donovanosis is still extremely rare,” Pettigrew told USA TODAY. “But any increase in the number is of potential concern. Sexually transmitted infections often go undiagnosed and there may be missed infections, so the actual number could be slightly higher.”

Donovanosis is more common in men than in women, according to the National Library of Medicine. Dr Karan Raj recently said in a public TikTok video explaining the donovanosis testing process that the potential spike in the UK is ‘terrifying’, prompting social media users to voice their fear of STI.

What are the symptoms of donovanosis?

The STI, donovanosis, causes thick sores on the genital area and can gradually damage body tissue, according to data from Healthline.com. It can be caused by a bacteria called Klebsiella granulomatis.

Donovanosis doesn’t actually eat the flesh, but the disease has been called “flesh-eating” because of its bloody appearance caused by “beefy red” ulcers on the skin.

“The first symptoms – bright red genital ulcers – are painless but shouldn’t be ignored,” Pettigrew said. “Prompt diagnosis and treatment are also important. “

Pettigrew stressed that a person who thinks they have been exposed to donovanosis should see a doctor and be diagnosed so that they can immediately take the antibiotics prescribed by the doctor. If a person is diagnosed with an STI, they should tell their sexual partners about the infection so that it can also be treated.

How is STIs treated?

STI, which is a risk factor for HIV transmission, is usually spread through unprotected sex, but it can also be acquired through non-sexual skin contact. Newborns are also threatened by their mothers.

Antibiotics are used to treat donovanosis, including azithromycin, doxycycline, ciprofloxacin, erythromycin, and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. Most courses of treatment last for three weeks or until the wounds are completely healed. Long term treatment is needed to cure the disease.

The best way to prevent STIs is to have safe sex. External and internal condoms are preferred preventative measures because they help protect against exposure to bodily fluids that may contain bacteria.

Are Doctors Worried About Increased Spread In The United States?

Pettigrew said everything was relative in terms of determining a concern about the spread of donovaniasis in the country.

“Donovanosis is currently very rare in the United States as well, but there are sporadic cases,” she said. “However, other sexually transmitted infections are on the increase in the United States.”

Pettigrew said that “theoretically” the bacteria klebsiella granulomatis could increase in the United States, as risk factors (for) unprotected sex are increasing for other bacterial STIs.

“The worst thing we can do is shame people – so they don’t talk to their partners, they don’t get diagnosed, and they don’t get treated. These are conditions that allow bacterial STIs to spread. Awareness on the part of health care providers is also important – medical care providers may have difficulty identifying donovanosis because it is rare and they may be inexperienced with this infection.

What are the main STIs and STDs in America?

According to the CDC, there were 2,554,908 cases of sexually transmitted diseases or infections in the United States in 2019.

Chlamydia is the most frequently reported STD, with over 1.8 million cases reported in 2019. Young women (aged 15-24) account for 43% of reported cases and face the most serious consequences of an undiagnosed infection.

Gonorrhea was the second most common with 616,392 cases in 19, or 188 per 100,000 people.

A sexually transmitted infection is different from a sexually transmitted disease (STD) in that most STDs start as an STI. Not all illnesses start with infections, although many do.


Source link

Leave A Reply

Your email address will not be published.