Chlamydia test – Heiki Mon, 03 Jan 2022 01:19:19 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Chlamydia test – Heiki 32 32 Give priority to health check-ups in 2022 Sun, 02 Jan 2022 23:08:51 +0000

Date published:

January 3, 2022

Type of support:

Press release


General public

Many of us have New Years Resolutions, but the most important that all Australians can make in 2022 is to pass the health checks they put aside during the pandemic.

With the focus on COVID-19 over the past two years, many of us have not prioritized other areas of our health.

Prevention is a key priority for the Morrison government. Our 10-year national preventive health strategy emphasizes valuing health before illness, underscoring the immense value of maintaining good health throughout a person’s life.

Now is the time to do just that. Australia has a world-class healthcare system and, like COVID, we can prevent the development of many diseases and conditions, or reduce their impact.

One of the best ways to prevent future illnesses is to keep abreast of regular health checks and early detection programs such as cancer screenings, regular vaccinations and testing for blood borne viruses and sexually transmitted infections.

Regular cancer screening saves lives, and early detection leads to better cancer treatment outcomes. Some types of cancer can be detected before symptoms appear, and screening can also detect changes in cells before they become cancerous.

There are three global population-based cancer screening programs in Australia:

  • Cervical screening every five years for women aged 25 to 74, funded by Medicare
  • Breast screening – or mammograms – offered free of charge every two years for women aged 40 to 74
  • Colon Screening Tests – a free and easy home test posted to men and women ages 50-74 every two years.

The time of your next screening will depend on your age, your gender and the date of your last screening. If you need screening in 2022, you may need to make an appointment.

To sign up for a cervical screening test or to check your due date, contact your GP or health care provider.

To book a free mammogram, call BreastScreen Australia on 13 20 50 and you will be automatically directed to your nearest department.

For bowel screening, a kit will be mailed to you every two years once you become eligible. If you need a replacement kit, order one for free online.

Sexual health is also important to your overall health, and the decrease in testing and treatment for blood-borne viruses and sexually transmitted infections (BBVs and STIs) means there could be a lot of people unaware that they have an infection.

If you think you might be at risk, talk to your GP about the tests. Medicare articles are available for telehealth consultations regarding BBV and STIs.

For smokers, the best way to improve your health in 2022 is to quit smoking. We know it’s not always easy, but help is out there and there are huge benefits when you give up the habit.

For help quitting smoking, talk to your GP, call Quitline, or visit Research shows that getting the support of a healthcare professional dramatically improves a smoker’s chances of successfully quitting.

To help, our government has extended specific Medicare articles for nicotine and smoking cessation services for general practitioners – including via telehealth – until December 31, 2023.

For those looking for help to reduce their dependence on alcohol and drugs, support is also available.

Australians can speak to your GP or call the free and confidential national alcohol and other drugs hotline on 1800 250 015. If you prefer to seek treatment online, you can visit Counseling Online, a free and confidential service at the address: https: // www.

The pandemic has not only wreaked physical havoc on some Australians. Many people have also experienced mental health problems.

Since March of last year, our government has provided over $ 1 billion in funding to expand mental health services, including a substantial investment in telehealth.

Help is readily available if you have mental health issues, and there are many ways to get it. Talk to your GP or visit the government’s digital mental health portal, Head to Health.

Australians seeking support throughout the COVID-19 pandemic can access the Beyond Blue coronavirus welfare helpline at any time by phone at 1-800-512 348 or online at coronavirus.beyondblue

Anyone in distress can also seek immediate advice and support via Lifeline (13 11 14) and Kids Helpline (1800 55 1800).

Our healthcare system is well positioned to support Australians facing health challenges, throughout the pandemic and beyond.

COVID-19 has taught us the importance of our health and to talk to our health experts when we notice anything wrong. In 2022, I urge you to attend medical appointments and check-ups and keep track of all referrals for blood tests or tests. It’s about living well for a long time – it might just save your life.

Fresno New Year’s advice: practice safe sex, mask yourself, don’t drink or drive – GV Wire Thu, 30 Dec 2021 22:06:37 +0000

Fresno County health officials are reminding the public to stay safe while welcoming the New Year.

And, you can add the practice of safe sex to the New Years Eve dos and don’ts that include drunk driving warnings.

According to the Department of Health, Fresno County is experiencing an increase in sexually transmitted diseases. These include HIV, syphilis, chlamydia, and hepatitis C.

While some STDs have visible or recognizable symptoms, others don’t, and the only way to know is to get tested.

“These are all initially ‘silent’ but catastrophic infections, and the only way to be sure is to get tested,” health officials said in a press release. “Don’t wait to do this if you are at risk, there are treatments available and they work best when one of these infections is caught early.”

In addition to practicing safe sex, officials say people planning to drink for New Years celebrations should plan to have a designated driver or find other transportation like Uber or Lyft.

Don’t party without a mask and vaccine

COVID-19 cases have reached the highest levels on record since the start of the pandemic with more than 265,000 new cases across the country following the Christmas celebrations.

The Associated Press reports that thousands of flights have been canceled due to a staff shortage blamed on the virus, as new cases per day have all but doubled in the past two weeks.

“Omicron is being detected across California and we are on the verge of having a large number of Fresno County residents infected with this new, highly contagious variant,” CCHF officials said. “Please wear a mask, get vaccinated and get tested to help stop the spread of this highly contagious variant.”

County health officials say there will be more home test kits widely available in early January along with new drugs planned to help fight the Omicron surge.

However, supplies will be limited and authorities say vaccinations remain the best protection for everyone.

Resources for STD Testing and Information

As Fresno faces higher levels of sexually transmitted diseases, treatments and tests are available. To learn more, visit Just The Tips.

Resources for the free COVID-19 test

For free and reliable COVID-19 tests, visit the Optum Serve sites, which operate every day.

For a list of testing sites and available resources, visit

Vaccination sites

To find vaccination sites near you, click here or visit the MyTurn portal to book an appointment online.

Quarantine guidelines

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has announced abbreviated quarantine guidelines for people infected with COVID-19 if they are asymptomatic.

If you are a close contact, you can return to work after a period of 5 days instead of a period of 10 days. However, the guidelines can still be applied by your employer.

For more information on the updated CDC guidelines, click here.

Christmas 2021 was a garbage can fire. Can we still find beauty there? Thu, 30 Dec 2021 16:12:59 +0000

Is it me, or is everything absolutely horrible right now? I realize that last year at this point we were all in the ninth month of being locked in our homes, unable to see our families and watch the cases and deaths of Covid-19 explode around us. It just needed quick zombies with axes to complement the feeling of grief and doom.

Fortunately, this year’s holiday season was not that one. But what he did come up with was a whole new kind of disaster scenario where you can seemingly catch Covid just by watching someone who has it? Or say the name of the variant three times? I really don’t know because no one in the media or at the Centers for Disease Control seems interested in explaining it, and no one can satisfactorily determine what the likely effects will be on those vaccinated. I know people who have been really sick and others who have had an unwanted week off. As one of the guys I live with said, “What am I supposed to do with a disease that can go from nothing to death? “

As one of the guys I live with said, “What am I supposed to do with a disease that can go from nothing to death? “

Last year there were clear guidelines for what we should all do – stay home, mask off – this year we got vaccinated (well, 62% of us are), and there is always this whole new wave and, precisely because of our only partial collective immunity, we have no sense of the shared guidelines. Do you take a test before going to visit your family? If you are hosting, do you need it? Should people be able to come if it has been 10 days since they tested positive? Fourteen? Five? Not at all, just to be safe? And which test do you need: Fast? PCR? A signed note from Dr Fauci?

If you are vaccinated, vaccinated and healthy, is it important that you get tested? Because the point is, even with the best of security intentions, it has been nearly impossible to get tested over the holiday season. Rapid tests are to this year what toilet paper was to last year; you just can’t find them in stores right now. And if you’re lucky enough to live somewhere where you can walk in and take a test without having to make an appointment a week in advance, expect to wait many hours online with other people who don’t. stand more than six feet apart, and some of them who are, moreover, definitely sick.

It seems almost everyone I know at this point has just had Covid or has someone in their family who couldn’t come home for Christmas because they had it. I know people who ended up having nowhere to go for Christmas because their party hosts tested positive, and others where their party more or less fell apart around them, including a family that was expecting 22 for dinner and ended up with just four.

It seems almost everyone I know at this point has just had Covid or has someone in their family who couldn’t come home for Christmas because they had it.

Spending so close to spending time with your family and being forced back into isolation because you have, in most cases, nothing more than a bad flu, is certainly much better than it would have been. meant last year. But somehow it also seems a lot crueler, like Lucy with football, where football is a semblance of joy.

And that’s just the situation for those of us who are vaccinated and boosted. If you are unvaccinated, immunocompromised, or one of the many healthcare workers who have had to work overtime on vacation to cover sick colleagues, the situation is much worse.

My own family’s Christmas was pretty standard for 2021. A family member found out they had Covid-19 on Christmas Eve, so they and their family couldn’t come; another had just gotten over the virus. I had been tested the week before, but still thought I had to go somewhere for a quick test before heading to our big family reunion. I went online and found out that there were no reservations available anywhere for days and no testing in stores either.

Upon returning to my Jesuit community this week, I made a commitment to be tested immediately; when you live with 15 other people you don’t want to mess around. I ended up spending a whole day trying: first I waited in a line that moved about 30 feet in two hours; I gave up and wandered from drugstore to drugstore looking for quick tests, pharmacists were staring at me like I was crazy. Finally, I found out that another site on the west side of town was doing rapid tests. I was standing in a line so ridiculously short that I was only partially dancing in place to warm up when a staff member came out to confirm I was there for the rapid STI test. I am embarrassed to say that I had no idea what this meant. I was even more embarrassed when I found out.

I don’t know who created this maze, but as one of the rats can I say, “Well done”.

Here’s the thing: at one point everything got so absurd that I started to find it funny. I was literally running around Manhattan trying to convince someone that I was okay, how I felt, good. I don’t know who created this maze, but as one of the rats can I say, “Well done”.

And somehow the sheer absurdity of it all set me free, just a little, but enough to notice the city around me. Let’s be clear, it wasn’t like I was suddenly in Oz. We may not have snow yet, but it’s still winter here: gray skies, dirty buildings, bags of garbage.

But there were details that stood out: the lime green knit beanie worn by a woman smiling at those around her; the professorial tone of a boy explaining to his father that all colors were made of red, blue and yellow; the friendly way the ladies at a drugstore sat down and compared their notes with me on the whole rapid test situation.

At the very last pharmacy I stopped by on the way home, I was also amazed to find loads of rapid tests. Good news, everyone, I don’t have the Covid! Again! Probably!

Even the grayness of it all began to take on a more charming and familiar quality; A Stephen Sondheim song started to cross my mind: “Once I hated this town / Now it can’t get me down / Slushy, wet and gritty / What a lovely town. I actually came home happy, if you can imagine.

(At the very last pharmacy I stopped by on the way home, I was also amazed to find loads of rapid tests. Good news, everyone, I don’t have the Covid! Again! Probably! )

None of this is to say that life right now isn’t like the trash fire of our Christmas dreams or that this vacation isn’t the worst. But it was for me a reminder of one of the graces of all those months and months locked up. The world got way too small, yes, but it was also in some ways more visible, or I was more present at its fleeting and ordinary beauties.

I hear a lot of people say it might never end, or not anytime soon. Then I walk away because it’s more polite to scream into a pillow.

I hear a lot of people say it might never end, or not anytime soon. Then I walk away because it’s more polite to scream into a pillow.

What if it is? What if the silly variants and spooky variants and masks and the CDC shrug emojis don’t go away anytime soon?

I’m not sure how to get my brain to figure out what that would mean. But maybe the disappointment, bitterness, and just plain exhaustion that we are feeling right now is part of the way out. And we can get out of it.

Underneath, in the middle and around it all, there are still kids in Harry Potter glasses lecturing their parents and nice piles of trash and strangers who will treat us like family for no reason.

I joke that garbage looks nice. But it made you stop and think, didn’t it? How can garbage be beautiful? Besides accepting our disgust and frustration, this is perhaps a way of describing our current spiritual project.

Ashes 2021: The Time Story of Boland’s Aboriginal Dream Tue, 28 Dec 2021 18:11:47 +0000

Paul Stewart’s phone rang in the MCG stands where 40,000 Victorians lost their heads as debutant Scott Boland was in the midst of a 6-for-7 dream period that toppled England in the third test. An already moved Stewart would choke with happiness when he acknowledged that the call had come from a pub in the small town of Harrow, halfway between Melbourne and Adelaide, home of Johnny Mullagh, the most popular Aboriginal player who has played in the very first Australian tour. of England in 1868.

Stewart had previously taken Boland, the fourth Native man to put on the baggy green, to Harrow, the spiritual home of Native cricketers. “Laughter, tears and joy flowed during the call,” Stewart told The Indian Express. “Their Scotty, our Scotty, made us proud. I could not have visualized this day even in a dream.

Moved Belinda Duarte, the first Indigenous member of MCG Trust and descendant of Dick-a-Dick, Mullagh’s teammate on this historic tour, would present the Mullagh Medal to the Boland Man of the Match. “Some would even say that older people have something to do with it,” she said. “We carry our seniors everywhere. There were so many informers today that they were by his side.

The importance of the moment did not escape Stewart. “For Scotty, receiving the Mullagh Medal was so heartwarming. A dream story. Stewart is a proud man from Taungurung who worked with Cricket Australia as a native cricket expert when he met Boland a few years ago. In his mid-twenties, Boland discovered that his maternal grandfather had been adopted and was in fact a native.

“I don’t know if his grandfather was taken away from his family, but it is not uncommon to discover Aboriginal heritage late in life. It was our lot, ”says Stewart. “Growing up as an Aboriginal person in the 1960s was a very difficult time. We did not have the right to vote. Babies were taken from aboriginal women.

Facing the past

Each country has its dark guilt and this was Australia’s. From the early 19th century until 1970, Aboriginal children were forcibly removed from their families as part of the Australian government’s plan to assimilate them into a dominant non-indigenous population. The establishment had so mistreated the indigenous population that in 2008 the government, under Prime Minister Kevin Rudd, issued a formal apology to the “stolen generations”.

Australian Scott Boland, second from right, celebrates winning the wicket of England’s Jonny Bairstow, second from left, on day three of their test cricket match in Melbourne, Australia on Tuesday, December 28, 2021 (AP) Photo / Asanka Brendon Ratnayake)

There is a famous Aboriginal heartbreak from a song called “The Brown Skinned Baby” by Bob Randall. The lyrics read, “In a native camp I’ll never forget, a young black mother with wet cheeks, ‘My brown-skinned baby, they’re taking her.’ Between her sobs, I heard her say that the police had taken my baby. From the white man was this baby that I had. Why did he let them take the baby away… The child grew up and had to leave the mission house he loved so much. To find his mother, he tried in vain. On this earth, they never met again.

A few years ago, Boland’s uncle delved into family roots and discovered Aboriginal blood. By this time, Boland and his brother Nick had started playing professional cricket and both were said to be very interested in playing for an aboriginal team. Enter Paul Stewart.

“We were having an annual cricket tournament when I first saw him with his brother Nick. To be a part of it you have to be native and that’s when we started talking. More than qualifying, Scott wanted to learn more about Indigenous history and culture.

As part of his education, he began to visit historic places sacred to native people in the Western Districts. Waterholes, communities and eventually he found his way to Harrow, where the Johnny Mullagh Museum is now the pride of the city.

“We would first like to talk about the fact that maybe it was the grandfather’s decision not to tell anyone about his heritage. Because of so many challenges we face. I remember saying to Scott, “Dude, you’re really lucky because so many other families aren’t so lucky.” It stuck with him and he wanted to know more and how he can help other more disadvantaged children. He was talking about how to embrace culture, ”says Stewart. “We would go to the western districts, talk to the native families there and be welcomed by them. “

In 2018, the Boland brothers joined the Australian Aboriginal team who toured England to commemorate the very first tour. Each player was given a name to “continue” on the tour, the name of a player from the original tour of 1868.

The historical names of the native players that each player, including Scott Boland, received on the England tour. (Courtesy of Paul Stewart).

Scott was given the name Gulligan from the original team player Yellanach aka Johnny Cuzens. His brother Nick represented Gronggarrong (Mosquito).

“Mosquito and Cuzen were brothers, as were the Bolands. During our visit to Harrow before we left on tour, Nick met Aunt Fiona Clarke (Mosquito descendant) who designed the logo for the wicket artwork that was used in our touring uniforms, ”said said Stewart. “Scott also had the opportunity to meet Aunt Vicki and Ashley Couzens (descendant of J Cuzens)”

“It’s a real wow factor that I’ll wear on this tour and for the rest of my life,” Stewart recalls of a moving Scott Boland telling him when he met the descendants of the original team. They had a quiet personal dinner in Harrow with the descendants. “This experience was the most moving moment for him. I remember saying to him: “It is so incredible that I have the privilege of bearing their names and that I have been able to meet their descendants”.

Boland has won awards for his performances in national cricket, has even made the national team, but without the chance. Finally, after all these years, at the age of 32, he got the chance to live out his dream in front of a home crowd who went crazy over the performance of their local hero.

Stewart’s young sons were there too, right outside the south stand, enjoying the moment. Even as he mentions them, a son rings in the background on the phone, reliving the chants of the day: “Scotty! Scotty! ‘

The story of Eddie Gilbert, the man who stunned Bradman

Boland’s dreamlike story is a long cry from the days of Eddie Gilbert, the 1930s aboriginal fast pitcher who was famous for firing Don Bradman for a duck. “It’s good to be a hero on the pitch, but a black man can feel lonely when he isn’t accepted after the game,” Gilbert said.

Australian Scott Boland, center, holds a strain after winning 6 wickets against England in their victory on day three of their test cricket match in Melbourne, Australia on Tuesday, December 28, 2021. The Australia wins the test by a run and 14 short and retained the ashes. (AP Photo / Asanka Brendon Ratnayake)

It’s fascinating to see the society through cricket through the history of Gilbert. “If Gilbert wanted to leave the colony, he needed permission. Sometimes he had to apply for permission to travel in the same car as a white cricketer, ”said Ken Edwards, author of“ The True Story of an Indigenous Cricket Legend, ”in an interview with the radio.

In a match in 1931, Bradman lasted five deliveries against Gilbert. He was knocked off balance once, his bat flew out of his hands on another delivery, and he eventually nicked a bouncer behind. “I think just for that one it was probably the fastest I’ve ever seen a delivered cricket ball. It was great, ”Bradman would later say.

It was also the beginning of the end. Five players from New South Wales, who have not been identified, have complained that Gilbert is a “chucker”. Edwards believes one of the players was Bradman himself. Weeks later, while playing in Melbourne, he was called up on several occasions for the drop.

Gilbert faced Bradman two more times after that fateful day – Bradman hit a double cent in Adelaide and Gilbert knocked him out cheaply in the last meeting – but suffered loss of form and injuries. In 1936, the Queensland association abruptly ended his career and sent him back to the colony. They even asked him to return the cricket clothes and charged him the amount to send it back.

Gilbert could not adapt to life in the colony and slowly began to fight and have problems. He was sent to Brisbane Hospital for examination, diagnosed as suffering from a mental disorder and placed in a mental hospital where he remained until his death in 1978. They said he suffered from mental disorders stemming from of tertiary syphilis, but an autopsy was performed after his death revealed that he did not have this condition at all.

It was then. What about now for Indigenous people in 2021? “Our life expectancy is not that of non-Aboriginals. There are still difficult living conditions there, ”says Stewart. “We never entered wealth or inheritance. The aborigines must make their own future. We take care of each other. There are difficult communities struggling with housing, health and education issues. There is still a lot of work to do. This is the challenge. It’s nice to see Scott walk into it. To see someone like him up there at the MCG win games for Australia was a dream. It is a great message of hope for the whole community. We are all so proud.

Warning as antibiotic-resistant strain of gonorrhea hits UK Fri, 24 Dec 2021 18:46:02 +0000

The UK Health Safety Agency (UKHSA) is reminding people of the importance of protecting yourself against STIs as an antibiotic-resistant strain of gonorrhea hits the UK.

A case of neisseria gonorrhoeae, the bacteria that causes gonorrhea, has been confirmed in a heterosexual man living in the UK.

The bacteria are resistant to the antibiotic ceftriaxone – the last remaining treatment for the infection.

READ MORE:Most common first cancer symptom “in 23% of all patients”

Investigations suggest the man, in his early 20s, contracted the infection in London in November. Resistance to ceftriaxone is common in the Asia Pacific region, but is rarely found in the UK.

Dr Katy Sinka, Head of the STI Section at UKHSA, said: “The discovery of this strain of gonorrhea in the UK is a stark reminder of the problem of antibiotic resistance in this common sexually transmitted infection (STI).

“To reduce the risk of gonorrhea and other STIs, we recommend using condoms consistently and correctly with all new or occasional partners.

“If you have recently developed STI-related symptoms, such as unusual discharge, avoid sexual contact and have a sexual health test.”

Symptoms to watch out for

Typical symptoms of gonorrhea include a thick green or yellow discharge from the vagina or penis, pain when urinating, pain and discomfort in the rectum, and in women and others with a uterus or ovaries, lower abdominal pain and bleeding between periods.

However, people infected with gonorrhea often have no symptoms, especially for infections of the throat, vagina, or rectum.

Treating gonorrhea as soon as possible is very important as it can lead to serious long term health problems, in women and others with uterus or ovaries, gonorrhea can spread to reproductive organs and cause pelvic inflammatory disease. (MIP).

How to get tested for STIs

STI testing is free and available through online self-sampling services or by contacting local sexual health services.

Getting tested and treated for STIs is easy and confidential, and most infections can be cured.

You can make an appointment to go to an STI clinic, or sometimes there is a walk-in clinic, which means you can just show up without needing an appointment.

You might feel embarrassed, but it doesn’t have to – the staff at these clinics are used to testing all kinds of infections, it’s their job and they won’t judge you. They should do their best to explain everything to you and make you feel comfortable.

You can go to a sexual health clinic whether you are a man or a woman, regardless of your age, whether or not you have symptoms of an STI. If you are under 16, the service remains confidential and the clinic will not tell your parents.

The doctor or nurse will tell you what tests you need. They should explain what is going on and why they are suggesting these tests. If you are unsure of something, ask them to explain it to you.

Testing may involve:

  • a urine sample (pee)
  • a blood sample
  • swabs from the urethra (urine tube comes out)
  • an exam of your genitals
  • if you are female, swabs from the vagina, which you can usually do yourself

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]]> “Koala Massacre”: Australia Brings Hundreds of Animal Cruelty Charges Thu, 23 Dec 2021 05:44:18 +0000

Koalas are a protected species in Australia, and marsupials are listed as vulnerable in the states of New South Wales, Queensland, and the Australian Capital Territory. Their numbers were severely affected by the catastrophic fires of 2019 that burned millions of acres across the country. Many have been saved from the wild, burned and dehydrated.

As koalas have evolved to adapt to forest fires, animals face new threats from climate change and human development, which have dislocated local populations, compromising their ability to survive the fires. In some areas, scientists say, the number of koalas has declined by as much as 80%, although it is unclear how many are left in Australia.

They are also susceptible to chlamydia, which can lead to infertility and death. Some surveys of Queensland’s koala populations have suggested that at least half of wild koalas are infected with the disease.

This shared sensitivity with humans has led some scientists to argue that studying and saving koalas may be key to developing a chlamydia vaccine for humans.

Last year, the Australian government set out to count the native marsupial population and record where they live – a daunting operation, as koalas are not easily spotted in the wild. When marsupials are high in trees, standing still and obscured by the canopy, they are easy to miss with the naked eye. The government has therefore deployed thermoguided drones, acoustic surveys and detector dogs.

Another virus: syphilis continues to increase in Saskatchewan. Fri, 17 Dec 2021 23:08:19 +0000

Syphilis has grown from a relative rarity to a real threat to babies and young mothers in the province’s most at-risk communities.

Content of the article

Syphilis is on the rise in Saskatchewan, leaving frontline agencies scrambling to find and stop another disease.


Content of the article

Sexually transmitted infection has gone from a rarity to an epidemic within a few years, straining public health resources plagued by COVID-19 and threatening the most vulnerable communities – especially young women, who may be at risk of pass it on to their unborn children.

“I feel like it came out of nowhere,” said Katelyn Roberts, executive director of Sanctum Care Group. Sanctum operates a prenatal home for women at risk, primarily people living with HIV, and operates a government-funded prenatal outreach team.

Roberts said syphilis had quickly gone from being a rare diagnosis to one of their top priorities.

“It was unheard of. It was very rare. Now we are working on the assumption that everyone is seropositive for syphilis. “

Communicable disease reports from the Ministry of Health show a rapid increase in infection. In 2016, the year the Saskatchewan Health Authority’s medical officer of health, Dr Johnmark Opondo, identified the start of the epidemic, 85 cases were identified – at the time, more than three times the total for the year former.

In 2019, the government reported 397 cases. In 2020, it was 788. Preliminary data shows that 925 new cases were identified in 2021 as of July.

“Around 2019 is when the alarm bells really start ringing,” Opondo said.

Nationally, syphilis was once most common among men who have sex with men. Now it is more and more prevalent among women of childbearing age. Opondo said the demographic breakdown was almost exactly equal. This is a concern because syphilis can be transmitted congenitally, with serious health consequences and a risk of stillbirth as a result.


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“There are devastating effects of the transmission of syphilis to infants that we really shouldn’t see in a country with some of the best health infrastructure in the world,” said Roberts.

The health ministry did not respond to an investigation on Friday whether any cases of congenital syphilis had recently been identified.

Syphilis is preventable and treatable. Opondo said the challenge is that, like HIV and many other viruses, it is encouraged by socio-economic factors like poverty. This means that the groups most at risk are often poor and marginalized people who are not connected to health care or who may not seek it.

It’s even more likely with syphilis. His symptomatic sore or rash can be mistaken for almost anything; Opondo said he knew of patients who thought it was razor burn. These patients are not likely to come for the blood test, treatment and follow-up appointment year to cure the disease, he said.

“If I can’t even find you for your initial treatment, how do you expect me to find you four times after that?” “

The Public Health Agency of Canada has identified the rise of syphilis as a growing concern, noting that the disease also frequently presents alongside HIV. Saskatchewan’s HIV rate is the highest among Canadian provinces. Opondo said socio-economic factors are the link between diseases.

“Things like poverty and survival… are elements of STIs and the syphilis epidemic in Saskatchewan,” he said.

Roberts said many of Sanctum’s clients are struggling to survive. A growing number of homeless mothers are on waiting lists, which she attributes to controversial changes to the government’s income assistance program.


Content of the article

“The current risk factors and socioeconomic barriers we currently see for women in our community are also increasing significantly,” said Roberts, adding that these clients may not be trusted with conventional health care resources.

“But we are working with populations that don’t trust the system and one sneaky little infection. It is a double-edged sword.

She hopes authorities won’t forget the spread of syphilis, even as COVID-19 continues to be high on the list of public health priorities.

“I know SHA is trying to increase as much as possible in the midst of a pandemic,” Roberts said.

News seems to fly to us faster all the time. From COVID-19 updates to politics and crime and everything in between, it can be difficult to keep pace. With that in mind, the Saskatoon StarPhoenix has created an Afternoon Headlines newsletter that can be delivered to your inbox daily to help you stay on top of the most important news of the day. Click here to subscribe.



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SYPHILIS AND INFERTILITY (Part 1) Thu, 16 Dec 2021 04:02:21 +0000

Infections that can be transmitted through contact and sexual activity are called sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Globally, the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that more than one million people contract an STI every day. If left untreated, STIs can cause serious health problems including cancer, liver disease, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), conception / pregnancy problems, and infertility. Some examples of these STIs include chlamydia, HIV, gonorrhea, herpes, trichomoniasis, and syphilis.
Today the focus is on syphilis and its impact on fertility.


Syphilis is a bacterial infection that was once a major threat to public health. This is a highly contagious sexually transmitted infection that can be spread through sexual activity (including oral and anal sex) with an infected person without using a condom or latex barrier. Often the infected person does not know they have the disease and transmits it to their sexual partner.

Syphilis is caused by a bacteria called Treponema pallidum. It is spread through contact with the wound of an infected person during sexual activity. Bacteria enter the body through minor cuts in the skin or mucous membranes. Less commonly, syphilis can be spread through direct contact with an active lesion, such as during a kiss.

Syphilis cannot be spread using the same toilet, tub, clothes, or kitchen utensils, or from doorknobs, swimming pools, or hot tubs. Once cured, syphilis does not come back on its own. However, one can be re-infected if contact is made with a syphilis sore. Some of the consequences of syphilis on fertility are the possibility of mother-to-child transmission which can cause miscarriages and birth defects, male and female infertility, and increased risk of HIV infection. .

Primary Syphilis: The first symptom of syphilis is the appearance of a painless sore (chancre). The sore appears where bacteria enter the body. An infected person can have one or more chancre sores that usually develop about three weeks after exposure. Many people with syphilis may not notice the chancre because it is usually painless and hidden. The chancre will heal on its own in three to six weeks.

Secondary syphilis: A few weeks after the wound has healed, you may start to experience a rash that begins on the trunk and eventually covers the entire body, including the palms and soles of the feet. This rash is usually not itchy and may be accompanied by wart-like sores in the mouth or genital area. Some people also suffer from hair loss, muscle pain, fever, sore throat, and swollen lymph nodes. These signs and symptoms may go away within a few weeks or come and go repeatedly for a year.

Latent syphilis: If left untreated, the disease goes from the secondary stage to the hidden (latent) stage, when it becomes asymptomatic. The latent stage can last for years. Signs and symptoms may never return, or the disease may progress to the tertiary stage.

Tertiary syphilis: Complications from untreated syphilis infection develop when syphilis is left untreated. These complications are known as tertiary syphilis. At this stage, the disease can damage the brain, nerves, eyes, heart, blood vessels, liver, bones, and joints. These problems can develop several years after the initial untreated infection.
Neurosyphilis: At any stage, syphilis can spread and cause damage to the brain, nervous system, and also to the eyes.

Left untreated, syphilis can lead to damage throughout the body. Syphilis also increases the risk of HIV infection and can cause problems during pregnancy. Treatment can help prevent future damage but cannot repair or reverse damage that has already occurred.

Small lumps or tumors: In the advanced stage of syphilis, lumps (gums) may develop on the skin, bones, liver, or any other organ. The gums usually disappear after antibiotic treatment.

Neurological problems: Syphilis can cause a number of problems with the nervous system, including: headache, stroke, meningitis, hearing loss, visual problems (blindness), dementia, loss of pain and temperature sensations, dysfunction male sex and bladder incontinence.
Cardiovascular problems: These can include swelling and swelling of the aorta (the main artery of the body) and other blood vessels. Syphilis can also damage heart valves.

HIV infection: Adults with sexually transmitted syphilis or other genital ulcers have an increased risk of getting HIV. A syphilis sore can bleed easily, which allows HIV to easily enter the bloodstream during sexual activity.

Complications of pregnancy and childbirth: Syphilis can be passed to an unborn baby. Congenital syphilis is extremely dangerous for a newborn baby, with a significant risk of death if left untreated. It dramatically increases the risk of miscarriage, stillbirth, or newborn death in the days after birth. Getting tested for syphilis before getting pregnant or at the start of the first trimester is extremely important as symptoms are not always obvious ………………………………………… ..

What is a tubal infection and how can it cause infertility? Tue, 14 Dec 2021 16:20:33 +0000

One of the main causes of infertility in women is tubal disease which can be tubal obstruction, infection, or inflammation of the fallopian tubes. Salpingitis or tubal infection is an infection that causes inflammation of the fallopian tubes and reproductive organs.

The fallopian tubes play an important role in conception because they are a conduit between the uterus and the ovaries. The egg from the ovary after ovulation should reach the fallopian tube and sperm after sexual activity, swimming the full distance of the vagina, cervix and uterus. The process of fertilization, that is, when the sperm meets the egg, takes place in the fallopian tubes. After fertilization, the embryo develops for another five to six days in the fallopian tube to become a blastocyst, then reaches the uterus to implant. Therefore, the tubes should be open on both sides and they should be free of adhesions, healthy enough to nourish an embryo and propel it to the uterus. In short, it is not just a line pipe, but it has several important roles.

Tubal infections are one of the pelvic inflammatory diseases (PIDs) that can cause infertility in women in severe cases. There are two types of salpingitis:

Acute salpingitis: Acute salpingitis causes swelling of the fallopian tubes, which may start to emit fluid. This can lead to the development of pus in the fallopian tubes.

Chronic salpingitis: Chronic salpingitis lasts longer but with mild symptoms. In many cases, women cannot notice the symptoms of the infection.

Tubal infections are one of the pelvic inflammatory diseases (PIDs) that can cause infertility in women in severe cases. (Source: Pexels)

Symptoms of a tubal infection

* Painful sex

* Pain in the lower abdomen

*Lower back pain

* Pain during urination

* Foul odor from vaginal discharge



* Spotting during the menstrual cycle



Causes of tubal infections

* Tubal infections are mainly caused by the presence of dangerous bacteria like Chlamydia trachomatis (responsible for STD chlamydia) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (which causes gonorrhea). Other bacteria that can cause salpingitis include mycoplasmas, staphylococci, and streptococci.

* Unprotected sex is the primary means by which these bacteria enter a woman’s reproductive system. Other causes are poor hygiene, procedures like abortion, childbirth, etc.

* In India, tuberculosis is also a very common cause of infection and damage to the tubes.

Effect of tubal infections on fertility

An infection of the tubes causes scarring or blockage of the fallopian tubes, which could lead to permanent damage. Sometimes they swell to form hydrosalpinx (a condition where the fallopian tube is blocked by a watery fluid). The transport of sperm to the egg will be hampered, which will lead to infertility. Previous surgeries and endometriosis can cause tubal adhesions and infertility.

An ectopic pregnancy is a situation where the egg is fertilized but will not be able to enter the uterus due to damaged fallopian tubes. There is a good chance that the embryo will start to develop in the tube. The embryo that attaches itself anywhere outside the uterus is extremely risky. If left untreated, it will continue to grow and will rupture the tube. Cases of ectopic pregnancy can be life threatening and should receive immediate medical attention.

Diagnosis of tubal infections

If you see any of the signs and symptoms mentioned above, you need to see a doctor to reduce the risk of complications in the future. Your doctor may perform the following tests for diagnosis:

* Vaginal or cervical swab

* Blood and urine tests

* Pelvic examination

* Laparoscopy

* Abdominal or transvaginal ultrasound

* Hysterosalpingography or HSG test

Treatment of tubal infections

Early diagnosis is important for salpingitis because treatment will depend on the severity of the infection. Prompt treatment will prevent blockage or scarring of the fallopian tubes.

Your doctor will prescribe oral antibiotics to treat a minor infection. If the infection has become severe, causing a blockage or scarring, the doctor will perform surgery to remove the damaged areas. Laparoscopic surgery may also be done if there is an abscess in the fallopian tubes or ovaries to drain fluid. The fluid-filled area can also be removed during surgery.

How IVF Can Help With Serious Infections

If the infection goes undiagnosed early and damages the tubes that cannot be corrected surgically, women may opt for in vitro fertilization (IVF) for conception. Whatever happens normally in the fallopian tube, during an IVF process performed in an IVF lab. With IVF, your egg will not have to reach your uterus through the fallopian tubes because the embryo is prepared in a Petri dish and inserted into the cervix. However, the success rates of IVF depend on several factors such as the age and the quality of the eggs and sperm.

As soon as you see signs and symptoms of tubal infections, you need to see a doctor for an early diagnosis. In infertility, IVF or other assisted reproductive technologies (ART) could help women conceive.

(The author is a fertility consultant, Nova IVF Fertility, Bangalore.)

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City health secretary performs 266 tests for HIV and syphilis in one day Sat, 11 Dec 2021 05:41:36 +0000

City health secretary performs 266 tests for HIV and syphilis in one day

On Thursday, December 9, a mass screening day for HIV and syphilis was conducted in selected family health strategies in Nova Friburgo. The work of the municipal health service, through the local STI / AIDS / viral hepatitis program, aims to extend the performance of these tests and therefore the early diagnosis of infection.

One hundred and ten tests were performed for HIV, including two reagents, and 156 for syphilis, including 11 reagents. A total of 6,624 condoms were sent to health facilities, along with files containing information on this subject.

During the year, exams are offered in the SUS network, through the Nova Friburgo program, which already hosts around 1,200 people in the city. The tests are offered at the Dr. Silvio Henrique Brown Health Center, in Sospiro, in the FHS of Olaria (II and III), Riograndina, São Pedro da Serra, Rio Bonito, São Lourenço, Centenario, at the Raúl municipal hospital Certa and at the Maternity Hospital Dr. Mario Dutra de Castro.

Red December Day is celebrated this month, during which the campaign for awareness, prevention and treatment of sexually transmitted diseases takes place. In Nova Friburgo, in the coming days, until December 17, the laboratory of the local hospital Raúl Certa will be offered a test to detect emergency care, inpatients and staff.