Brazil: 186 deaths from congenital syphilis in 2020
By NewsDesk @ bactiman63
On Thursday, Brazil’s health ministry launched the National Syphilis Campaign in 2021.
When the campaign was launched, health officials reported syphilis figures for 2020 – last year 115,371 cases of acquired syphilis were recorded, 61,441 of syphilis in pregnant women and 22,065 of syphilis congenital with 186 deaths.
The campaign alerts people to the importance of prevention and early treatment. The target audience includes pregnant women and their partners, men and women between 20 and 35 years old. In 2020, 38.8% of reports of acquired syphilis were among individuals aged 20 to 29, and 56.4% of pregnant women were also of this age. In addition, 56.4% of children born with congenital syphilis were from mothers aged 20 to 29.
The data from the study conducted by the Department of Public Health Surveillance (SVS) show a decrease of 26.5% in the detection rate of cases of acquired syphilis in 2020, compared to 2019. The document shows that per 100,000 inhabitants , 54.5 tested positive for syphilis. Most of the notifications concerned people between the ages of 20 and 29. In 2019, Brazil identified 74.2 per 100,000 people.
In an attempt to stop the spread of the disease, the federal government will carry out a series of activities to raise awareness about the prevention of sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
The Ministry of Health recalls that the main weapon against the disease is the use of condoms during sexual intercourse. To identify cases at an early stage and refer the patient to the Unified Health System (SUS), the federal government performs free diagnostic tests for syphilis. In 2020, 7.2 million rapid tests were distributed and 6.6 million in September 2021.
Patients diagnosed with the disease are immediately referred to the specialist health service for treatment, also free of charge, including during antenatal care (in the case of pregnant women). For this, up to September 2021, there were 966,000 vials of benzathine penicillin and 113,000 vials of crystalline / potassium penicillin.
“In 2020 alone, the investment in testing was R $ 17.2 million. And, until September of this year, there was over R $ 22.9 million in testing. It should also be emphasized that we cannot speak of penicillin deficiency in the country. We have enough medicine to treat every citizen diagnosed with the disease. In the treatment of acquired syphilis alone, we have invested over 7.95 million reais and over 1.02 million reais for the treatment of congenital syphilis. This is the strength of our unified health system, ”said Secretary Arnaldo.